The European Commission recently proposed to make €1 billion available for a Quantum Flagship, a large-scale European research program for quantum technology. At the “Quantum Europe Conference” held in Amsterdam on May 17-18, 2016, academies and industries convened to define a roadmap for quantum technology; the industrial investment in quantum technologies was massively embodied by the giants Intel, Microsoft, Google and IBM, among others.
Some of the proposed activities call for a dialogue between the quantum computing (QC) community and the high-performance computing (HPC) community. In fact, with humongous hardware and software progress in the past 20 years, HPC has increasingly contributed to diverse scientific fields, ranging from materials science to biology and biomedicine, including genomics and neuroscience. Moreover, the European Commission has recently funded eight new centers of excellence for computing applications, including biomolecular systems, materials design and energy problems.
Quantum technology objectives that resonate with the HPC community are:
• Simulator of motion of electrons in materials;
• Development and design of new complex materials;
• Versatile simulator of quantum magnetism and electricity;
• Simulators of quantum dynamics and chemical reaction mechanisms to support drug design;
• Solving chemistry and materials science problems with special purpose quantum computer > 100 physical qubits;
• General purpose quantum computers exceed computational power of classical computers.